Business Daily Media

Business Marketing

I'm considering an interest-only home loan. What do I need to know?

  • Written by Adrian Lee, Associate Professor in Property and Real Estate, Deakin University
I'm considering an interest-only home loan. What do I need to know?

An interest-only home loan[1], as the name suggests, is where you only pay the interest on a loan and not the principal (the original amount you borrowed).

While authorities such as the Reserve Bank often see[2] them as risky, interest-only loans can be helpful in some circumstances.

If you’re considering an interest-only loan, here’s what you need to know.

Read more: More rented, more mortgaged, less owned: what the census tells us about housing[3]

How long do they go for?

These loans are typically last for five years at most, before reverting back to principal and interest (where you have to pay back, through regular payments, both interest and the initial sum you borrowed).

You could potentially apply for another interest-only loan after your first one winds up, perhaps by refinancing (where you take a new mortgage to repay an existing loan). But you might not get it – and you’d still have to pay off the principal eventually.

Interest-only loans can cost you a lot more in interest over time than a regular principal and interest loan. Photo by Andrew Mead on Unsplash, CC BY[4]

What are the upsides of an interest-only loan?

An interest-only loan means you’ll have more cash available to cover other costs, or invest elsewhere.

You can use a mortgage calculator[5] to work out how much extra cash you’d have if you switched from a principal and interest loan to an interest-only loan. It’s typically hundreds of dollars per week.

This may get you a bit more wriggle room for daily expenses. Or, some people use the extra cash to invest in other things – such as shares – in the hope they can make more money overall and pick up some tax benefits along the way. That’s why interest-only loans are often popular among investors[6]. Of course, this strategy comes with risk.

An interest-only loan may also have a redraw facility, allowing you to add extra payments into the loan (above and beyond the interest) if you want, and withdraw money later when you need cash. This can allow people to avoid a personal loan, which usually has a much higher interest rate.

Regular principal and interest loans may also have a redraw facility but the regular payments of principal are unavailable for redraw. That means less flexibility for the borrower.

What’s right for one borrower won’t be for the next. Image by Pfüderi from Pixabay, CC BY[7]

What are the downsides?

The interest rates on interest-only loans are generally higher than principal and interest loans.

For example, the RBA July 2022 indicator rate[8] for owner-occupier interest-only rates is 6.31%.

But the equivalent variable rate for principal and interest loans is 5.77% (the indicator rate is just a guide; the actual difference varies from bank to bank).

Interest-only loans can cost you a lot more over time than a regular principal and interest loan.

This means a borrower needs to manage their finances well to ensure they can cover the interest payments now and still have enough to pay down the principal eventually. So you’ll need a plan for how you’re going to do that when the interest-only loan ends.

There is also a risk of a shock – such as job loss, personal crisis or housing crash – causing the borrower to default on the loan altogether.

If the borrower defaults on an interest-only loan, they may lose the house and the bank is left with a debt that was not substantially repaid (because the borrower had not yet made a dent in the principal). It’s a lose-lose situation.

Are interest-only loans common?

Interest-only loans represent 11.3% of all home loans[9] in Australia.

This figure has been trending down[10] over the past five years, due in part to tighter lending restrictions[11] and the fact low interest rates have made principal and interest loans relatively cheap recently.

Interest-only loans represent 11.3% of all home loans in Australia. Image by sandid from Pixabay, CC BY[12]

What does the research say?

One Dutch study[13] found “households that are more risk-averse and less literate are significantly less likely to choose an interest-only mortgage”. This partly due to lower initial repayments and wealthy households preferring the financial flexibility.

Interest-only borrowing has also been found to fuel[14] housing[15] speculation[16] and reduce housing affordability.

A US study found borrowers also tend to default[17] more.

A Danish study[18] found that once the interest-only lower repayment period is over and the loan reverts to principal and interest, those who didn’t make principal repayments suffered a large drop in disposable income.

Financial flexibility comes with a catch

With rates rising, interest-only loans may sound like an appealing way to have more cash available to cover other costs in life.

But just remember financial flexibility comes with a catch. An interest-only loan could be more expensive in the long run.

For some people, that cost will be worth it if it allows them to hold onto the house during a brief tough period or make more money investing elsewhere. But it’s a risk.

And when the interest-only loan ends, you’re still stuck with the task of paying off the money you borrowed from the bank in the first place (with interest).

Read more: Should I pay off the mortgage ASAP or top up my superannuation? 4 questions to ask yourself[19]

References

  1. ^ interest-only home loan (moneysmart.gov.au)
  2. ^ see (www.rba.gov.au)
  3. ^ More rented, more mortgaged, less owned: what the census tells us about housing (theconversation.com)
  4. ^ CC BY (creativecommons.org)
  5. ^ mortgage calculator (moneysmart.gov.au)
  6. ^ investors (moneysmart.gov.au)
  7. ^ CC BY (creativecommons.org)
  8. ^ indicator rate (www.rba.gov.au)
  9. ^ 11.3% of all home loans (www.apra.gov.au)
  10. ^ trending down (www.rba.gov.au)
  11. ^ lending restrictions (www.apra.gov.au)
  12. ^ CC BY (creativecommons.org)
  13. ^ study (link.springer.com)
  14. ^ fuel (www.sciencedirect.com)
  15. ^ housing (doi.org)
  16. ^ speculation (www.sciencedirect.com)
  17. ^ default (doi.org)
  18. ^ study (doi.org)
  19. ^ Should I pay off the mortgage ASAP or top up my superannuation? 4 questions to ask yourself (theconversation.com)

Authors: Adrian Lee, Associate Professor in Property and Real Estate, Deakin University

Read more https://theconversation.com/im-considering-an-interest-only-home-loan-what-do-i-need-to-know-188817

Popular

Eight things you should know when buying off the plan

According to Lei Feng, founder and head of PREER, one of the country’s leading property development advisories, Australians are returning to the property market with gusto thanks to a cocktail of low interest rates, governme...

Business Daily Media has created a marketing package for real estate agents

Harnessing the Power of Digital Marketing: Elevating your Real Estate Marketing Strategy Introduction to Digital Marketing in the Real Estate Industry In today's digital age, the real estate industry is evolving at a rapid...

How to Use Guest Posting for Your Business Site

There are plenty of techniques used in SEO strategy for better ranking of the websites. One of the most effective ones is link building which implies that other websites are linking to your business website. Creating guest pos...

Virtual Office
Tomorrow Business Growth